Nikolaus Kuhn1

ID#32, b. November 1848, d. 5 September 1904
Father: not yet identified.
Mother: not yet identified.

Birth date: November 1848.2,3,4 It has also been reported that Nikolaus was born in 1843.4
Birth place: Wallerfangen, District of Saarlouis (Kreis Saarlouis), Diocese of Trier Germany.2,5 It has also been reported that Nikolaus was born in Alsace-Lorraine.6 The birth location of Alsace-Lorraine is an area that changed hands between France and Germany many times through the years. I have read that for a person whose birth country keeps changing back and forth between France and Germany, it is likely that they were born in the Alsace-Lorraine region. In fact, it has been suggested that it can be easier for a genealogist to simply treat Alsace-Lorraine as the birth place without specifying which country it was in at the time. Nicholas' country of birth was consistently recorded as Germany in every federal census that I have seen to date.

Nikolaus's first marriage was to Mary Schon before 1872 in Germany.3 He became a widower when Mary died in 1877.3

His second marriage was to Catharina Schumacher in 1877, reportedly in Germany.4 Nine years later, Nikolaus and Catharina, along with their children, boarded the S.S. Rhynland in Antwerp, Belgium, to start a new life in America.7 Lizard Point is on the Lizard Peninsula, located in the southern United Kingdom. A quote from the "Visit Cornwall" website maintained by the Official Tourist Board paints an interesting picture:

... gorgeous sandy bays with jagged black rocks jutting out in to the sea. Stand right on the tip of the Lizard and look out to sea. At 49°57' N, the most southerly point on the UK’s mainland, watch the waves as they hurtle to the shore and imagine the thousands of ships that have passed by this treacherous part of the coast on their way across the Atlantic.8

Nicholas and Catharina appear on the passenger list for the S.S. Rhynland, which arrived in New York City, New York, in April 1886. Also on the passenger list: Anna Kuhn, Adam Kuhn, Matt Kuhn and Catherine Kuhn. All are identified as citizens of Germany, having begun their journey from Wallerfangen, Germany, with an intended destination of East Liverpool. Information per the ship's manifest is as follows:
     Nic. Kuhn, age 37, male, a laborer
     Cathe. Kuhn, age 36, female
     Anna Kuhn, age 12, female
     Adam Kuhn, age 11, male
     Mathe. Kuhn, age 9, male
     Cathe. Kuhn, age 5, female
They are numbered 145 through 150 out of a total manifest of 347 passengers.7

At some point after his release from Prussia, Nikolaus' first name changed to the Americanized spelling. The ship's manifest abreviated his name as "Nic." and all other American documents that I've seen to date show his name as "Nicholas" (misspelled as "Nichlol" in the 1900 U.S. census.)9

When Catharina died shortly after they arrived in America, Nicholas became a widower for the second time.10

Nicholas's third marriage was to Mary Mayer, daughter of Gustave Mayer, about 1887 at Beaver Falls, Beaver County, Pennsylvania.2

Nicholas died at age 55 from dropsy on 5 September 1904 at Morgantown, Monongalia County, West Virginia. Dropsy was the old name for what is now called edema, and refers to swelling from the accumulation of abnormal amounts of fluid under the skin. While dropsy was listed as the cause of death in the early 1900's, today the underlying cause of fluid retention would most likely be identified as the actual cause. According to Cleveland Clinic information, some diseases such as congestive heart failure and lung, liver, kidney, and thyroid diseases can cause edema or make it worse. Bottom line ... Nicholas' death could have been the result of any number of causes.11 Nicholas's body was interred in 1904 in the East Oak Grove Cemetery, Morgantown, Monongalia County, West Virginia.12

Deceased Children of Nikolaus Kuhn and Mary Schon:

Deceased Child of Nikolaus Kuhn and Catharina Schumacher:

Deceased Children of Nikolaus Kuhn and Mary Mayer:

Family Line(s):
Kuhn Index
Last Edited Date=24 Oct 2014

Citations

  1. [S81] Nikolaus Kuhn and family, Royal Prussian Government Release Certificate, 27 April 1886, photocopy in possession of Jo Ellen Dalton.
  2. [S331] Niclol Kuhn household, 1900 U.S. Census, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, McKeesport city, Enumeration District 420, sheet 9B, National Archives micropublication T623_1368.
  3. [S4] Kathryne (Kuhn) Krouse, compiler, History of Kuhn/Dittmeier/Ganz Families, 1996.
  4. [S3] Kathryne (Kuhn) Krouse, compiler, Family History Kuhn/Dittmeier, 1964.
  5. [S1972] Jacob Schenck household, 1900 U.S. Census, Monongalia County, West Virginia, Morgan District (that part of district north of Deckers Creek), Enumeration District 83, sheet 15B (150 stamped), National Archives micropublication T623_1767.
  6. [S1971] Anna J. Schenck, Certificate of Death, Monongalia County, electronic image by West Virginia Archives & History, online http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_dcsearch.aspx, file 1983272_0001695.jpg.
  7. [S405] New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1957, online http://www.ancestry.com (Provo, Utah: The Generations Network, Inc.), Nikolaus Kuhn family data.
  8. [S1955] Visit Cornwall, online http://www.visitcornwall.com/destinations/lizard, viewed 23 September 2014.
  9. [S933] Marriage License for Joseph Serenella and Edith Kuhn, Monongalia County, electronic image by West Virginia Archives & History, online http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_mcsearch.aspx, file _00612.jpg.
  10. [S4] Kathryne (Kuhn) Krouse, compiler, History of Kuhn/Dittmeier/Ganz Families, 1996, p 1.
  11. [S650] Nicholas Kuhn, Monongalia County Register of Deaths, electronic image by West Virginia Archives & History, online http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_dcsearch.aspx, file _00350.jpg.
  12. [S1697] Nicholas Kuhn, Find A Grave memorial no. 12485193, created by Jennifer Selfridge on 24 November 2005, online http://www.findagrave.com
  13. [S322] Matt Kuhn, Certificate of Death, Monongalia County, electronic image by West Virginia Archives & History, online http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_dcsearch.aspx, file 1983634_0000673.jpg.
  14. [S936] Marriage License for Albert Nicholas Kuhn and Edith White, Monongalia County, electronic image by West Virginia Archives & History, online http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_mcsearch.aspx, file _00414.jpg.